Protection at Regional Level

International conventions are not the only means of making human rights legally enforceable. Regional governmental organisations are also able to negotiate binding treaties that apply to their members. Three regional organisations have developed human rights conventions that strengthen and elaborate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in ways that show the unique history and characteristics of each region. These are set out in the table below.

Regional Human Rights Protection

Regional organisation

Human rights instrument

African Union

Organisation of American States (OAS)

Council of Europe

African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights

American Convention on Human Rights

European Convention on Human Rights