Further Reading

Ahmed An-Na’im, A. A. and Deng, F. M. (1990) (eds.) Human Rights in Africa: Cross Cultural Perspectives, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.

Anyaoku, E. (1998) ‘Democracy in Africa: the Challenges and the Opportunities’, address by HE the Commonwealth Secretary-General to the South African Parliament, Cape Town, 1 June 1998. Available from the Documents section of the Commonwealth Secretariat website at www.thecommonwealth.org (accessed 26/02/07).

Chambers, C. (1983) Rural Development: Putting the Last First, Longman House, London.

Commonwealth Secretariat (2005) Introduction to citizenship for young people in the Commonwealth, Commonwealth Secretariat, London.

Davis, M. C. (1995) (ed.) Human Rights and Chinese Values: Legal, Philosophical and Political Perspectives, Oxford University Press, Hong Kong.

Donnelly, J. (1993) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice, Westview Press, Boulder, CO.

Doxey, M. (1989) The Commonwealth Secretariat and the Contemporary Commonwealth, Macmillan, Basingstoke.

Felice, W. (1996) Taking Suffering Seriously: The Importance of Collective Human Rights, State University of New York Press, Albany, NY.

Freire, P. (1978) Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Seabury Press, New York.

Groom, A. J. R. and Taylor, P. (eds.) (1984) The Commonwealth in the 1980s: Challenges and Opportunities, Macmillan, Basingstoke.

Hannum, H. (1996) (ed.) Guide to International Human Rights Practice, 2nd edition, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, PA.

International Commission of Jurists (1981) ‘Development, Human Rights and the Rule of Law’, a Report of a Conference held in The Hague, Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Mokwena, S. (2004) ‘Youth Participation: Taking the idea to the next level: A challenge to Youth Ministers’, 5th Commonwealth Youth Minister’s Meeting Strategy Papers, Commonwealth Secretariat, London.

Shepherd Jr., G. W. and Anikpo, M. O. C. (1990) (eds.) Emerging Human Rights: The African Political Economy Context, Greenwood Press, New York.

Shiridath, S. (1979) One World to Share: Selected Speeches of the Commonwealth Secretary-General, 1975–79, Hutchinson Benham, London.

Smith, A. (1966) Annual Report of the Commonwealth Secretary-General, Commonwealth Secretariat, London.

Smith, A. (1981) Stitches in Time. The Commonwealth in World Politics, Andre Deutsch, London.

Soper, T. (1965) Evolving Commonwealth, Pergamon Press, Oxford.
Tomasevski, K. (1993) Development Aid and Human Rights Revisited, Pinter Publishers, London.

Walker, A. (1975) The Modern Commonwealth, Longman Group, London.

Walker, A. (1978) The Commonwealth: A New Look, Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Wheare, K. C. (1960) The Constitutional Structure of the Commonwealth, Clarendon Press, Oxford.


  • Slavery Convention, 1927
  • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 1951
  • Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 1967
  • International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1969
  • International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid, 1976
  • International Convention against Apartheid in Sports, 1985
  • Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1987